On June 7, 2017, the Parliament adopted the Law on Ratification of the Agreement between the Cabinet of Minister of Ukraine the Government of Moldova on Cooperation in Protection and Sustainable Development of Dnister river. 

O.Semerak, the Minister of Environment of Ukraine, noted that the agreement with Moldova is the “first transboundary basin agreement aimed to develop partnership between the countries in introducing integrated water management”.

Dnister river has always been a difficult issue for Ukraine-Moldova relations, which recently is even hotter due to the plans by Ukrainian side to develop hydro-energy projects on Dnister river. The basin agreement is of a framework nature setting legal basis for cooperation between two countries. 

The agreement ratified introduces a modern decision-making mechanism. The key instrument to achieve its goals is bilateral Commission on sustainable development and protection of Dnister river. It should be composed of representatives of central and regional authorities, the civil society and scientists from both sides. The commission has a mandate to monitor and report about the state of water and other natural resources and ecosystem of Dnister river, facilitate dispute resolution on issue related to use and protection of the river, participate in development of plans and projects, as well as in environmental impact assessment of transboundary waters, setting principles for water distribution, etc. Now, the upcoming key issues are when and how the commission will be set up and start working.